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福建长乐显应宫与郑和信仰研究
徐心希
论文:郑和,福建,长乐,显应宫,宗教信仰,妈祖信仰
传承文明 走向世界 和平发展——纪念郑和下西洋600周年国际学术论坛论文集 (如需全文请与我们联系)
提要:本文以1992年在福建长乐樟港镇仙岐村发现的显应宫遗址与包括妈祖、郑和等塑像在内的数十尊泥塑为线索,并从人类学的角度探讨郑和信仰的由来、形成和扩散的背景及其与妈祖信仰的关系。文章分析妈祖信仰在明代兴盛的表现形式和郑和本人对海神的极度崇拜,并从郑和下西洋前后华侨华人向东南亚等地区的迁徙与定居,论证迄今为止仍在东南亚各国人民中长盛不衰的郑和信仰与郑和下西洋宏伟壮举之间的渊源关系。
Abstract: With the clay sculptures of Matsu and Zheng He as clue which were unearthed in the Xianying Palace relics in Zhenxianqi Village in Changle of Fujian Province, the thesis, from the anthropological viewpoint, discusses the origin, shaping and spread of the “Zheng He Worship” and its relations with belief in Matsu. Also it analyzes the form of Matsu Worship which was flourishing in Ming Dynasty and Zheng He's own devout faith in Sea God, and discusses the connection between the “Zheng He Worship” still prevalent in Southeast Asia and Zheng's historic navigation, from the perspective of Chinese emigration to this region during his great trip.